||White Man's Burden: The Imperialist Impulse
Divine, pages 630-638
Supplement: DBQ on Imperialism
Why did the United States become increasingly involved in events overseas during the late 19th century? In what sense did imperialism represent an extension of previous American foreign policy? In what sense did it represent a departure from previous foreign policy?
2. During the late 19th century, what factors ? technological, economic, geo-political and ideological ? encouraged United States interest in events overseas?
3. What was the Venezuela boundary dispute? How might it be seen as a reaffirmation of the principles of the Monroe Doctrine? What did it indicate about the way the United States saw its role in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere?
4. Why were Americans traditionally interested in and attracted to Hawaii?
5. What were the causes of the Hawaiian Revolution of 1893? How did the United States respond to the revolution?
6. Why did some Americans favor the annexation of Hawaii? Why did some oppose Hawaiian annexation?
7. Why did some Americans including Alfred Thayer Mahan favor the creation of a "new" and larger U.S. Navy during the late 19th century? How would this new navy serve American interests overseas?
8. Select TWO documents from the DBQ and for each: a) Paraphrase the document and b)explain how the document might be used to argue that imperialism was either a departure from and/or an extension of previous American foreign policy.
||The Spanish-American War: The Splendid Little War
Divine, pages 638-647 (including tan pages)
Supplement: McKinley, "War Message"
What are the immediate and underlying causes of United States involvement
in the Spanish-American war? In what sense did the war reflect the
imperialist impulse of the United States during the late 19th century?
2. What was the deLôme letter? What did it indicate about how Spain viewed the United States? What impact did it have on the American publicís view of Spain and Spainís role in Cuba?
3. How does the rise of the newspaper empires of William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer reflect the societal and technological changes brought on by industrialization?
4. What was "yellow journalism"? How did American newspaper reports of the war between Cuban rebels and the Spanish reflect Americansí views of the conflict? How might yellow journalism have promoted war between the United States and Spain?
5. What was the Maine and why was it stationed off Cuba? What caused the Maine to explode? At the time, how did Americanís interpret the explosion of the Maine? What impact did the Maine incident have on the American decision to engage in war with Spain?
6. What role did African-Americans play in the Spanish-American War? How were black regiments treated in the American South? Why might blacks have felt ambivalent about serving the United States in the war?
7. Why did some call the Spanish-American War, a "splendid little war?" Why was it such a popular war among Americans?
8. In his "War Message" why does President McKinley urge Congress to declare war against Spain?
||The Debate Over Empire and the Little Known War in the Philippines
Divine, pages 647-651
Last names A-M - Write out answers to homework questions 6 and 8
Last names N-Z - Write out answers to homework questions 7 and 9
What arguments did Americans make in support of and in opposition to American acquisition of colonies in the aftermath of the Spanish-American War? What did U.S. actions in the Philippines, Puerto Rico indicate about the way Americans viewed those lands it colonized?
2. What arguments did Anti-imperialists use to oppose annexation
of the Philippines and imperialism more generally? Why
might individuals as diverse as Samuel Gompers, Andrew Carnegie,
and Booker T. Washington have all opposed imperialism?
4. Traditionally, why might historians have rarely written about the Philippine- American War?
5. Why had Philippine leader Emilio Auginaldo supported the United States in the Spanish-American War? Why did Auginaldo, who had supported the U.S. in the Spanish-American War, then lead a revolt against the U.S. in 1899?
6. What was the Taft Commission? What did it indicate about the way Americans saw their role in the Philippines? In what sense was the Taft Commission progressive?
7. What principle did the U.S. Supreme Court assert in the Insular Cases (Dooley v. U.S., Downes v. Bidwell, etc.)? What did this suggest about the way Americans viewed the peoples of territories annexed by the United States during the late 19th century?
8. What was the Foraker Act? What did it suggest about the way Americans viewed the United Statesí role in the Western Hemisphere during the late 19th and early 20th century?
9. What were the provisions of the Platt Amendment? What did it suggest about the way Americans viewed the United Statesí role in the Western Hemisphere during the late 19th and early 20th century?
||The Open Door and the Big Stick: Progressive Foreign
Policy in Asia and Latin America
Divine, pages 651-654 and 729-735
Supplement: The Open Door Notes
Supplement: Roosevelt, "The Roosevelt Corollary"
What type of relationship did the U.S. forge with the nations of Asia and Latin America during the early 20th century? What were American motives for establishing such relationships? In what sense were these policies progressive?
2. What was the Boxer Rebellion? How did the United States respond to the Boxer Rebellion? How might the United Statesí response to the Boxer Rebellion be seen as consistent with the Open Door policy?
3. What does the United Statesí response to the Boxer Rebellion indicate about the Open Door policy?
4. Why did TR want to build a canal in Panama? Why did Colombia (which controlled Panama) oppose the proposed canal? Why did TR support Panamanian independence from Colombia?
5. Why were TR and his supporters proud of his actions to secure a canal in Panama? Why were other Americans embarrassed by TRís actions?
6. What events in Latin America promoted TR to issue the Roosevelt Corollary? What were the main declarations of the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine?
7. What was the Gentlemenís Agreement? What did it suggest about the way Americans viewed Japanese at the time?
8. What was Taftís "dollar diplomacy"? In what sense was it an extension of Rooseveltís Corollary?
||Making the World Safe for Democracy: The U.S. and
World War I
Divine, pages 733-734, 728-729 and 735 -741
Supplement: Wilson, "War Message"
Supplement: The Zimmermann Note
Why did the United States initially avoid entering the war in Europe? What are the immediate and underlying reasons the United States eventually decided to enter the war? In what sense can both actions be seen as progressive?
2. What were the immediate causes of the conflict between the Central Powers and the Allies Powers in Europe?
3. What policy did the U.S. government formulate in response to the outbreak of World War I in Europe? Why? Though the U.S. maintained a policy of neutrality, why did many Americans tend to sympathize with the Allied Powers?
4. How did progressives respond to the war in Europe? Why?
5. How did the American economy benefit from the war in Europe?
Why did American economic interests challenge the governmentís policy of
7. How did Americans react to the German sinking of the Lusitania? Why despite the u-boat attack on the Lusitania did most Americans want to stay out of World War I?
8. What steps did Wilson take in response to the u-boat attacks on the Lusitania, Arabic, and Sussex? What was Germanyís reply?
9. Why was Wilson attacked both by advocates of "preparedness" and by peace-minded progressives for his stance on the war in Europe during the election of 1916? How did the results of the election of 1916 reflect Americansí ambivalence towards American participation in the war in Europe?
10. On February 1, 1917, why did the Germans reverse their previous policy of restraint and begin sinking all ships, "passenger or merchant, neutral or belligerent, armed or unarmed"? What impact did German policy and its result have on American public opinion?
11. What was the Zimmermann note? What impact did it have on American public opinion?
12. In his War Message, what attitude towards war does Wilson express? Why, then, is he calling for war? What does he mean when he says that the U.S. must enter the war to make the world "safe for democracy"?
||The Homefront: Unsafe for Democracy?
Divine, pages 746-752 and 742-743
Last names A-M - Write out answers to homework questions 1, 4, and 8
Last names N-Z - Write out answers to homework question 2, 4 and 6
How did the war effort affect the relationship among government, business and labor? How did the war effort affect the ways in which the government and the American public regarded racial, ethnic, and ideological minorities?
Committee on Public Information (CPI), Espionage Act of 1917, Sedition Act (of 1918), Red Scare, Russian Revolution (Bolshevik Revolution), Vladmir Lenin, War Industries Board, Food Administration, Herbert Hoover, Fuel Administration, Railroad Administration, War Trade Board, War Labor Board, Great Migration, IQ test
2. What were the Espionage and the Sedition Acts? Why did many Americans believe that they were necessary? How were these acts used against German-Americans, socialists, and labor?
3. How did Americans and the American government react to the Bolshevik Revolution and Leninís rise to power?
4. Select ONE of the following. Explain what it was, why it was thought to be necessary, what impact it had on business, and what impact it had on the relationship between government and business: the War Industries Board, the Food Administration, the Fuel Administration, the Railroad Administration, the War Trade Board.
5. What was Wilsonís stance towards labor? What did he hope to
7. What impact did the war have on womenís involvement in the
9. Why did the War Department use the newly-developed IQ test in their psychological examination of military recruits? In what ways did the results of these tests confirm stereotypes of African Americans and "new" immigrants? How did the authors of the tests manipulate the tests in order to produce results that confirmed their stereotypes?
||Wilsonian Idealism and the Return To Isolation
Divine, pages 741 (bottom), 744-746, and 752-757
Supplement: Wilson, "The Fourteen Points"
Supplement: "Article X of the League of Nations"
In what sense were Wilsonís Fourteen Points and (most of all) his plan for a League of Nations an extension of the progressive vision? Why did many in government Wilsonís vision? Why did the Senate fail to ratify the Versailles Treaty and reject U.S. membership in the League of Nations?
2. Why was WWI considered particularly devastating to the men who fought in it?
3. What were the essential principles underlying Wilsonís Fourteen Points? How do these principles reflect Wilsonís initial goals upon entering the war? In what sense do these principles reflect Wilsonís progressive idealism?
4. Why were the leaders of the other Allied nations skeptical of Wilsonís Fourteen Points? How were their goals for the war different from Wilsonís?
5. To what extent did the Treaty of Versailles represent a rejection of Wilsonís proposals? Which of his war goals were included in the Treaty?
6. What was the League of Nations? What was Article X of the League of Nations? Why were Americans particularly skeptical of Article X of the League of Nations?
7. Why did the U.S. Senate refuse to ratify the Treaty of Versailles?
|There will be no test on this unit|