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Unit Ten

The Modern Era:
The Roaring 20s, the Great Depression and the New Deal
Day One Normalcy, Novelty and Nostalgia: The New Era and Traditional Values
Divine, pages 760­763, 764-768, 773-774, and 776-777

What impact did the consumer boom of the 1920s have on American culture?  In what ways did Americans see this "New Era" as threatening traditional values?
assembly line, Model T, Henry Ford, mass production, Second Industrial Revolution   appliances, radio, film, corporation, marketing/advertising, chain store, standardization, skyscraper, 19th Amendment, Equal Rights Amendment, flapper, Prohibition, Al Capone, Babe Ruth, Charles Lindbergh

Day Two The Rural Counterattack: Nativism and Fundamentalism
Divine, pages 771-777

What factors led to the rise of nativism and reemergence of the KKK during the 1920s?  In what ways did nostalgic Americans of the 1920s seek to preserve traditional values? 

nativism, Red Scare, Bolshevik Revolution, Palmer Raids, Sacco-Vanzetti case, 18th   Amendment/Prohibition, speakeasy, bootlegger, Al Capone, Ku Klux Klan, literacy test of 1917, National Origins Quota Act of 1924, IQ tests, fundamentalism, Scopes trial, Clarence Darrow, William Jennings Bryan, evolution, creationism

Day Three The Great Migration and the Harlem Renaissance

Divine, pages 768-771, and 778-779

What factors fostered the cultural flowering among African-Americans in the    Harlem of the 1920s?  To what extent was this an extension of the New Era?  To    what extent was it a reaction against it?

Harlem Renaissance, jazz, Louis Armstrong, W.E.B. DuBois, Claude McKay, Countee,   Cullen, Langston Hughes, Marcus Garvey, black nationalism, United Negro    Improvement Association (UNIA), Liberia

Day Four Roaring 20s and Great Crash: Harding, Coolidge and the Causes of the Depression
Divine, pages 777, 780-784, 788-790, 763-764

What were the main characteristics of Republican economic policy of the 1920s?  In what sense did they represent a departure from progressive era reforms? What were the social and economic causes of the Great Depression?

Warren Harding, Teapot Dome Scandal, Calvin Coolidge, "return to normalcy",   Fordney-McCumber tariff, Hawley-Smoot tariff, Al Smith, bull market, stock market   crash, Great Depression, speculation, margin, investor, broker, overproduction    underconsumption, durable good, yellow dog contract, open shop, disposable income

Day Five The Limits of Rugged Individualism: Herbert Hoover and the Great Depression
Divine, pages 790-792
Supplement: Hoover, "Rugged Individualism"

What strategies did Herbert Hoover use to combat the Great Depression?  In    what sense was his response conservative?  In what sense was his response    progressive?

Great Depression, Dust Bowl, Herbert Hoover, voluntarism, Federal Farm Board,   public works projects, Hoover Dam, Reconstruction Finance Corp. (RFC), Bonus Army,   Rugged Individualism

Day Six The New Deal and the Triumph of Federal Activism 
Divine, pages 792-799, 800-802 and chart on 810-811
Supplement: Roosevelt, "Commonwealth Club Speech"
Write out answer to homework question 1

What strategies did FDRís New Deal use to combat the Great Depression?  In what ways did the New Deal alter the relationship between the government and business? Government and labor? Government and individuals? Government and the national economy?

bank failure, Franklin Roosevelt, fireside chat, Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), National Recovery Administration (NRA), Agricultural Adjustment Administration   (AAA), subsidy, Farm Security Administration (FSA), Civilian Conservation Corps   (CCC), work relief, Public Works Administration (PWA), Works Progress   Administration (WPA), Social Security Administration (SSA), social security, welfare   (aid to dependent children), unemployment insurance, Wagner Act (National Labor   Relations Act), collective bargaining, Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), minimum   wage, maximum hour, Rural Electrification Administration (REA), Glass-Steagall Act,   Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), Securities and Exchange Commission   (SEC), Fair Housing Administration (FHA), Keynsianism

  Homework Questions:
  1. Select ONE act or agency from the list above.  Discuss what it did, what problem it   sought to address, what strategy it used to address the problem, and what it might   indicate about how FDR saw the free market economy?

Day Seven The New Deal in Historical Perspective: The Transformation of Liberalism
Divine, pages 799-800, 802-807, 812-814 and review chart 810-811
How did the views and policies of those who advocated the common man change from the age of Jefferson and Jackson to the New Deal?  How did the    governmentís relationship to business and the common man change between the Reconstruction Era and the 1930s?

Father Charles Coughlin, Huey Long, Francis Townsend, Committee on Industrial Organizations (CIO), General Motors sit down strike, Indian Reorganization Act, Eleanor Roosevelt, court packing plan, West Coast Hotel v. Parish, recession of 1937,   deficit spending, Keynsianism


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